Managing your own finances can be challenging, so what happens when you add another person's money into the mix? Money management between couples varies, people who are married or living with a partner may share a joint bank account for household expenses like rent or mortgage, utilities, groceries and savings. They also may maintain individual accounts outside their joint accounts for independence, personal spending, convenience and emergencies.
However you choose to manage your finances, making these decisions early in your relationship can help avoid conflict in the future. Here are some tips to get you started.
Create a budget
Review household and personal expenses together and create a budget that works for both of you. If you want to maintain an independent account for personal expenses like hair care, clothing and gifts, be sure to make a budget for that account as well. And, in both accounts, be sure to leave some wiggle room for fun.
Set up a management plan
Decide if one or both of you will be responsible for managing bills and expenses. If it's both of you, set up a schedule to make sure everything gets paid, and consider using a budgeting tool like online Bill Pay to make it easier.
Make some ground rules
If you have a joint account, how will deposits and withdrawals be made? How much will each of you contribute to the account? These are just a few questions to ask, and the same goes for separate accounts – who will pay what bill, how will you access each other's account if necessary?
Build good spending habits and learn from each other. Your partner may be better or worse with money, so discuss challenges and share advice. If you both struggle with money management, consider attending a financial education class or seminar together.